The jarrangini (buffalo) was introduced to the Tiwi Islands by the British at the turn of the 1800's. The British established a trading post known as Fort Dundas, in 1824, which only lasted four or five years. The Timorese Buffalo was introduced as a source of milk and food for the British colonisers. Long after the British colonialists left, the jarrangini still inhabits Melville Islands. It is a food source for the Tiwi people.